Fundamentals of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles     


I.D.# C1232Printable Description
Duration: 2.5 Days
Upcoming open enrollment dates being scheduled. Please check back.

Hotel & Travel Information

Note: Last day of class ends at approximately 12:30 pm

Electric and hybrid vehicles are still relatively new products and are undergoing developmental refinements as the technology moves towards maturity. There are challenges related to the fundamentals of the technologies, the availability of various materials and sub-systems, cost targets and customer demands. The technology is complex and multi-disciplinary involving system integration of diverse components. This course will cover the interdisciplinary aspects of electric and hybrid vehicles where engineers of various disciplines have to work together to develop the system. The fundamentals, design philosophies for electric and hybrid vehicles, component selection and sizing, and modeling and control strategies will be covered. Existing electric and hybrid vehicle models such as Nissan Leaf, Ford Focus, Tesla Roadster, Chevy Volt, Toyota Prius, Chevy Malibu, Ford Fusion etc. will be used as case studies. Participants will learn about the future trends in battery, power electronics and motor drive technologies.

Learning Objectives
By attending this seminar, you will be able to:

  • Describe the pros and cons of different types of EVs and HEVs
  • Perform basic designs of EV and HEV systems using series, parallel and series-parallel architectures
  • Size an EV or HEV powertrain
  • Size components for EVs or HEVs, including electric motors, power electronics and energy sources
  • Develop specifications for EV/HEV systems and components
  • Define the testing procedures for EVs and HEVs
  • Discuss the emerging technologies, engineering challenges, and development trends in EVs and HEVs

Who Should Attend

This fundamental overview course is designed to provide an introduction to electric and hybrid vehicles for engineers in electrical, mechanical, chemical, automotive, and other related fields who are interested in the EV/HEV design, development, modeling, manufacture and marketing.


Attendees should have a basic understanding of electrical engineering systems, and some physical systems background related to equations of motion or automotive engineering.

Topical Outline


  • Introduction to EVs and HEVs
    • Why electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles?
    • Environmental impact
    • Well-to-wheel efficiency analysis
    • How HEVs achieve improved powertrain efficiency/fuel economy and reduced pollutions
    • Interdisciplinary nature of EVs and HEVs
    • Future of EVs and HEVs
    • Opportunities in EVs and HEVs
  • Vehicle Fundamentals
    • Roadway fundamentals
    • Tractive force and power requirements
    • Tire-road force mechanics
    • Powertain component sizing
    • Energy storage requirements
    • Vehicle performance: acceleration, gradeability, maximum speed, fuel economy
  • Electric Vehicles/Electric Power Transmission Path
    • Components of electric drivetrain
    • EV powertrain sizing example
  • Hybrid Vehicles /System Architectures
    • Series, parallel, series-parallel HEVs: relative advantages, disadvantages
    • Charge sustaining and charge depleting hybrids
    • Mild, power and energy hybrids
    • Plug-in electric vehicles
  • HEV Powertrain Sizing Example
    • Component sizing and calculations
    • Mass analysis and packaging
    • Series HEV design example
    • Parallel HEV design example
    • Series-parallel HEV design example
  • HEV Control Strategies
    • Vehicle supervisory controller
    • Mode control strategies (series, parallel or series-parallel options)
    • Modal control strategy (series, parallel and series-parallel controls)
    • Regenerative control
    • Power-split control strategy
  • EV/HEV Modeling and Simulation
    • Vehicle and sub-system models
    • Modeling and simulation platform
    • Modeling examples using Matlab/Simulink
    • Commercial packages for simulation
    • Vehicle performance and analysis


  • Energy Storage Systems
    • Batteries: lead acid, nickel-metal hydride and Li-ion batteries
    • Ultracapacitors
    • Fuel cells
    • Compressed air
    • Hybridization of energy source
    • Battery management systems
  • Electrical Machines and Drives
    • Fundamentals of electric motor drives
    • Sizing of electric motors for EV and HEV
    • AC and DC electric machines
    • Induction motor drives
    • Permanent Magnet (PM) synchronous motor drives
    • Interior PM motor drives
    • PM brushless DC motor drives
    • Switched reluctance motor drives
  • Power Semiconductors and Electronics
    • Power semiconductors in hybrid-electric powertrains
    • DC-DC converters
    • Battery chargers
    • Wireless power transfer
  • High Voltage System
    • Safety issues
    • System example schematics
  • Motor Drive System Modeling and Simulation
    • PM motor drive simulation
    • Induction motor drive simulation

DAY THREE (ends at 12:30 PM)

  • Controls and Communications
    • Microcontrollers and DSPs for controls and communication
    • In-vehicle communications network
    • Controller Area Network (CAN)
    • Advanced communications protocols
  • Current EVs and HEVs
    • Nissan Leaf
    • Tesla Roadster
    • Ford Focus
    • Chevy Volt
    • Toyota Prius
    • Toyota Camry
    • Ford Fusion
  • Special Topics
    • Off-road vehicles
    • Auxiliary Systems for EV/HEVs
    • Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) issues
    • Thermal management
    • System integration issues
    • After sales: reliability and servicing
  • Emerging Technologies
    • Non rare-earth machine technologies
    • Post silicon devices: Silicon Carbide and Gallium Nitride
    • Vehicle-to-grid technologies
    • Smartgrid technologies

Instructor(s): Iqbal Husain and Yilmaz Sozer

Dr. Iqbal Husain is currently a Distinguished Professor in the Electrical & Computer Engineering Department at North Carolina State University. Prior to joining NC State, he served as a faculty member at the University of Akron, Ohio for many years, was a visiting Professor at Oregon State University, and also lectured at Texas A&M University. Professor Husain’s research interests are in the areas of control and modeling of electrical drives, design of electric machines, development of power conditioning circuits, microinverters for distributed power generation, inverter controls for grid synchronization, and modeling of electric and hybrid vehicle systems. He has worked extensively on the development of SR and PM motor drives for various automotive and industrial applications. Dr. Husain is currently the Co-Director of the Advanced Transportation Energy Center (ATEC) and a faculty member of the NSF Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management (FREEDM) systems center at North Carolina State. He is the General Co-Chair for Energy Conversion Congress & Expo (ECCE) 2012 in Raleigh, NC, the chairman of the IEEE-IAS Transportation Systems Committee, and the past chairman of the IEEE-IAS Electric Machines Committee. Dr. Husain received the 2006 SAE Vincent Bendix Automotive Electronics Engineering Award, the 2004 College of Engineering Outstanding Researcher Award, the 2000 IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the 1998 IEEE-IAS Outstanding Young Member award, and several IEEE-IAS prize paper awards. Dr. Husain is an IEEE Fellow and a Distinguished Lecturer for IEEE-IAS during 2012-13. He received a B.Sc. from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, and a M.S. and Ph.D. from Texas A&M University.

Dr. Sozer is currently on the faculty of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at the University of Akron where he is developing a research and teaching program on Alternative Energy Systems. His research interests are in the areas of control and modeling of electrical drives, alternative energy systems, design of electric machines, integrated and belt-driven starter/alternator systems, high-power isolated DC/DC converter systems, large industrial static power conversion systems that interface energy storage and distributed generation sources with the electric utility. Dr. Sozer previously worked at Advanced Energy Conversion in Schenectady NY and developed expertise in all aspects of electronic power conversion and its control. He has been involved in IEEE activities which support power electronics, electric machines and alternative energy systems. He is serving as an associate editor for the Transaction on IEEE IAS Electrical Machine Committee and secretary for the IEEE IAS Sustainable and Renewable Energy Systems Committee. Dr. Sozer received his B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Middle East Technical University Ankara, Turkey and his M.S. and Ph.D. in Electric Power Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Fees: $1745.00 ; SAE Members: $1396.00 - $1571.00

1.7 CEUs
You must complete all course contact hours and successfully pass the learning assessment to obtain CEUs.

"Course was very informative., materials were excellent. Both instructors were knowledgeable and helpful. Dr. Husian especially effective."
D. Grenier
Sr. Account Manager

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