Fundamentals of Hybrid Electric Vehicles     


I.D.# C0511Printable Description
Duration: 3 Days

One of the fastest growing automotive fields, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), presents both opportunities and challenges. HEVs are more fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly compared to conventional vehicles. Optimizing the power intake in HEVs allows the engine operation to be kept within the range designed for best fuel economy and lowest emission, while the motor/generator system either provides additional power input, or generates electricity using the excessive power from the engine. It also recovers the kinetic energy during braking or coasting. These advantages have attracted worldwide development interests for HEVs in the automotive industry. Global sales of hybrid vehicles continue to grow and experts predict that 38 models will be available by 2011.

The challenges presented in HEVs include power electronics, electric motors and generators, batteries, power management, thermal management, and system integration. Additional challenges related to after-sales issues include reliability, gracefully degradable operation, and servicing.

This three-day seminar will cover the fundamentals of HEV. In an easy-to-understand format, the course will explain the engineering philosophy of HEVs, the component selection and design, modeling, and control of HEVs. Some existing HEV models such as the Toyota Prius, Honda Civic, Mercury Mariner, Saturn VUE and Camry will be used as case studies.

Learning Objectives
By attending this seminar, you will be able to:

  • Describe the pros and cons of different types of HEVs
  • Implement fundamental HEV design parameters
  • Develop specifications for HEV systems and components
  • Perform basic design of HEV systems, using parallel, series, or complex topologies
  • Develop models and perform simulations of HEVs; simulate the fuel economy and emissions of HEVs
  • Size a HEV powertrain
  • Size HEV components, including motors, energy sources and motor controllers
  • Calculate the regenerative braking performance of a HEV
  • Describe the testing procedures for HEVs
  • Compare and contrast hydraulic hybrid and electric hybrid systems
  • Discuss the emerging technologies, engineering challenges, and development trends in HEVs

Who Should Attend
This fundamental overview course is designed to provide an introduction to HEVs for engineers in electrical, mechanical, automotive and other related fields who are involved or interested in HEV development, design, modeling, manufacturing and marketing.

Attendees should have a basic understanding of electrical engineering systems, some mechanical system background related to equations of motion, or experience with automotive engineering.

Topical Outline

  • Introduction to Hybrid Electric Vehicles
    • Environmental impacts of HEVs
    • Interdisciplinary nature of HEVs
    • Configuration of HEVs, parallel, series and complex HEVs
    • State-of-the art HEVs
    • HEVs vs. diesel engine vehicles
    • The future of HEVs
    • Opportunities in HEVs
  • HEV Fundamentals
    • Vehicle resistances
    • Traction and slip ratio models
    • Vehicle dynamics
    • Transmission: gear transmission, CVT and planetary gear systems
    • Vehicle performance: maximum speed, gradeability and acceleration
    • Fuel economy and improvement
    • Braking performance
    • Sizing of HEV powertrains
    • Vehicle modeling
    • Power management
    • Vehicle control
  • HEV Modeling and Simulation
    • Vehicle model
    • Modeling and simulation basics
    • Vehicle performance
    • Modeling examples using ADVISOR
  • Power Electronics
    • The need for power electronics in HEVs
    • Overview of power electronics circuits in HEV powertrains
    • Fundamentals of power electronics
    • Bidirectional DC/DC converter
    • Inverter and motor control
    • Regenerative braking and rectification
  • Series HEV Powertrain Design
    • Concepts of hybridization
    • Hybrid architecture
    • Series hybrid configuration and functionality
    • Operation patterns, advantages
    • Control strategies
    • Power management
    • Sizing of major components
    • Design examples
    • Modeling of series HEVs
  • Parallel HEV Powertrain Design
    • Parallel architecture and operation modes
    • Torque coupling
    • Speed coupling
    • Torque and speed coupled architecture
    • Control strategies and power management
    • Design example and modeling using ADVISOR
    • Mild hybrid and micro hybrid
    • Complex hybrid
    • Plug-in hybrid
  • Electric Propulsion Systems
    • Fundamentals of electric motor drives
    • DC motor drives
    • Induction motor drives
    • Permanent magnet synchronous motor drives
    • Brushless DC PM motor drives
    • Switch reluctant motor drives
    • Sizing of electric motors and power electronics in HEVs
    • Speed control of electric drives
    • Starter/alternator
  • Regenerative Braking in HEVs
    • Energy consumption during braking
    • Limitation of energy recovery
    • Control strategies
  • HEV Energy Storage
    • Battery basics
    • Lead acid battery, nickel-metal-hydride battery, and Li-ion battery
    • Fuel cell
    • Ultra capacitor
    • Flywheel
    • Hybridization of energy source
  • Fuel Cell Vehicles
    • Configurations
    • Design examples
  • Current HEVs
    • Toyota Prius
    • Honda Civic
    • Mercury Mariner
    • Toyota 2007 Camry
    • Saturn VUE
    • ISE truck
    • Military HEV
  • Special Topics
    • Military applications
    • Novel topologies
    • Antilock braking (ABS) of HEVs
    • HEV testing
    • System integration issues
    • Hydraulic hybrid vehicle architecture vs. electric hybrid systems
    • User level issues - reliability, servicing
  • Emerging Technologies of HEV
    • Electric motors
    • Power electronics, silicon-carbide devices
    • Thermal management
    • EMC issues

Instructor(s): Abul Masrur and Chris Mi
Dr. Masrur currently works for the US Army RDECOM-TARDEC (Research Development and Engineering Command), in the Ground Vehicle Power and Mobility Department within TARDEC (Tank Automotive Research Development & Engineering Center), where he is involved in vehicular electric power system architecture concept design, modeling and simulation, electric power management, and military applications. He previously worked with the Scientific Research Labs of Ford Motor Company where he was involved in research and development related to simulation and control for electric drives for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and power electronics, advanced automotive electric energy management, electric active suspension systems for automobiles, automotive multiplexing systems, electric power assist steering, and automotive radar applications, including the Computer Aided Engineering development and simulations for such applications. Dr. Masrur has authored more than sixty publications and has co-authored eight U.S. patents and is the recipient of SAE's Environmental Excellence in Transportation Award in Education, Training and Public Awareness. He has a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Bangladesh Engineering University, a M.S. in Computer Engineering from Wayne State University, a M.Eng. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Detroit and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Texas A&M University.

Dr. Mi is currently an Associate Professor at the University of Michigan - Dearborn , and Chief Technical Office of 1Power Solutions, Inc. His teaching and research interests are in the areas of power electronics, hybrid electric vehicles, electric machines and drives, and renewable energy and control. At 1Power Solutions, Inc., he is responsible for the powertrain electronics, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery management systems, energy engineering solutions, and technical strategy. Prior to that, he worked with General Electric as an Electrical Engineer responsible for the design and development of large electric motors and generators. In addition, Dr. Mi has also worked in China for the Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Machine Institute of Northwestern Polytechnical University and the Xi'an Petroleum Institute and was a visiting scientist at the University of Toronto. Dr. Mi is the recipient of many awards including the Government Special Allowance (China), Technical Innovation Award (China), the Distinguished Teaching Award from the University of Michigan - Dearborn, and SAE's Environmental Excellence in Transportation Award in Education, Training and Public Awareness and has published more than 80 papers. Dr. Mi received a B.S. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, and a Ph.D in Electrical Engineering from the University of Toronto, Canada.

Fees: $1745.00 ; SAE Members: $1396.00 - $1571.00

2.0 CEUs
You must complete all course contact hours and successfully pass the learning assessment to obtain CEUs.

For additional information, contact SAE Customer Service at 1-877-606-7323 (724/776-4970 outside the U.S. and Canada) or at

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