Diesel Engine Technology Engineering Academy     

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I.D.# ACAD03Printable Description
Duration: 5 Days
October 13-17, 2014 (8:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. ) - Coventry, United Kingdom  
June 1-5, 2015 (8:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. ) - Troy, Michigan  

Hotel & Travel Information

AVL

The October offering is being held at AVL Midlands Engineering Centre in Coventry, Great Britain.

This Academy covers the diesel engine engineering principles and practices necessary to effectively understand a modern diesel engine. Types of engines addressed include naturally aspirated, turbocharged, pre-chamber, open chamber, light duty, and heavy duty. It is an intensive learning experience comprised of lecture and structured practical sessions, including a team-solved case study problem. Evening sessions are included.

Attendees will receive a copy of the textbook, Diesel Emissions and Their Control, by lead instructor Magdi K. Khair and W. Addy Majewski.

Practical Component

This Academy includes several practical activities, including a team-solved case study and a technical facility tour.

Pre-Academy Activity

Prior to the Academy, you will be asked to complete a pre-assessment. Results will be shared with the lead instructor to help customize the learning experience to specific attendee needs.

Learning Objectives
By attending this Academy, you will be able to:

  • Articulate basic diesel engine terminology and principles
  • Describe the key features of the basic types of diesel engines
  • Compare various diesel fuel injection systems and their components
  • Analyze the effects of different fuels on engine performance and longevity
  • Compare the function and applicability of various air management systems
  • List the various emission standards and testing requirements
  • Detail the elements of post-combustion emission control devices
  • Discuss emerging diesel engine technologies

Who Should Attend
This academy will be especially valuable for engineers who design diesel engines in the following types of vehicles:

  • Passenger cars
  • Light trucks
  • Heavy trucks
  • Off-highway vehicles
  • Farm machinery

Prerequisites

***Depending on the location of the Academy, please be advised this course may involve one or more of the following: driving and/or riding in a vehicle; participating in a vehicle demonstration; and/or taking part in an offsite tour using outside transportation. You may be required to sign a waiver on-site and produce a valid driver’s license from your state/country of residence.***

Topical Outline
DAY 1

  • The Case for the Diesel Engine
  • Introduction and Case Study
  • Thermodynamics
    • First Law -- Energy balance for a closed system; Energy balance for an open system; Property Evaluation
    • Second Law -- Definition of entropy; Irreversibility; Entropy balance for a closed system; Entropy balance for an open system; Definition of availability; Availability balance
    • Air standard cycle analysis -- Otto cycle; Diesel, Dual, Atkinson, Miller cycles; Lessons to be learned from air standard cycles
    • Chemical reactions -- Stoichiometry (balancing chemical reactions); Definition of equivalence ratio; Calculating exhaust gas composition from F/A ratio; Calculating F/A ratio from exhaust gas composition; Computation of brake specific emissions
    • Energy equation with chemical reactions (combustion reactions) -- Adiabatic flame temperature; Higher/lower heating value
    • Detailed example of energy balance on engine -- Fuel energy in=coolant + exhaust + work out
  • Diesel Combustion & Emissions
    • Basic combustion theory - definitions and concepts
    • Complete combustion vs. equilibrium composition (dissociation) -- Equilibrium assumption vs. kinetics (rate limited reactions); Global vs. elementary reactions; Basic flame theory (Ignition, flame propagation & speed, quenching, flammability limits); Autoignition theory; Hydrocarbon combustion; Laminar and turbulent flame speeds; Premixed and diffusion combustion
    • Diesel combustion -- Phenomenological description of diesel combustion; Ignition delay, premixed combustion, diffusion combustion; Burning rate diagram (heat release diagram)
    • Combustion chamber design considerations -- Relationship between air motion, fuel injection system (injection pressure, number of nozzle holes, orifice size), and combustion chamber geometry (bowl size and shape)
    • Modeling the diesel combustion process -- Fuel-air standard Otto cycle/Diesel cycle (Assumptions, Thermodynamics); Single zone models-heat release type (Assumptions, Thermodynamics); Multi-zone models, phenomenological models; CFD modeling; Lessons to be learned from each approach; Advantages/disadvantages of each approach
    • Heat release analysis -- Collection of cylinder pressure data (transducers, encoders, data acquisition); Analysis of cylinder pressure data (smoothing, frequency characteristics, mean effective pressure); Heat release model (Krieger and Borman assumptions); Interpretation of heat release diagrams
    • Premixed/diffusion combustion process -- Effect of low temperature, low cetane number; Effect of turbocharging
    • Factors affecting the combustion process -- Injection pressure, Air swirl, Automization, Penetration, Drop size distribution, Vaporization, Ignition delay
    • Combustion influence on fuel economy -- Effect of heat release; Effect of heat transfer - Compare to 'adiabatic' engine results
    • Combustion influence on emissions -- Origin of hydrocarbon emissions; Origin of carbon monoxide; Origin of NOx emissions, Relation to premixed combustion, aromatic content of fuel, cetane number; Origin of particulates and smoke; Relation to diffusion combustion; Effect of fuel sulfur
    • Tradeoffs -- BSFC vs. NOx; NOx vs. particulates; HC vs. ignition delay
    • Effect of ignition timing on heat release rate and cylinder pressure -- Effect of timing of combusion, ignition delay
    • Effect of injection pressure on heat release rate and cylinder pressure -- Effect of mixing rate on diffusion combustion
  • Air Management Systems I
    • Turbocharging and supercharging
    • Purpose of turbocharging
    • Supercharging vs. turbocharging
    • Thermodynamic principle of turbocharging
    • Description of turbocharger
    • Performance of turbomachinery (swallowing-lines)
    • Types of turbochargers (fixed, variable, waste-gate)
    • Special arrangements (sequential, turbo compounding)
    • An exercise in turbomatching
    • New role of turbochargers in EGR control
    • Superchargers
    • Mechanically driven superchargers
    • Electrically driven superchargers
    • Hydraulically driven superchargers
    • Role of superchargers in modern diesels
  • Air Management Systems II
    • Turbocharging and supercharging
    • Purpose of turbocharging
    • Supercharging vs. turbocharging
    • Thermodynamic principle of turbocharging
    • Description of turbocharger
    • Performance of turbomachinery (swallowing-lines)
    • Types of turbochargers (fixed, variable, waste-gate)
    • Special arrangements (sequential, turbo compounding)
    • An exercise in turbomatching
    • New role of turbochargers in EGR control
    • Superchargers
    • Mechanically driven superchargers
    • Electrically driven superchargers
    • Hydraulically driven superchargers
    • Role of superchargers in modern diesels
  • Diesel Fuel Systems & Their Applications
DAY 2
  • Fuels Technologies
  • In-Cylinder Measures to Control Emissions I
  • Fuel Injection Systems I
    • Requirements and function
    • Injection timing
    • Injection metering
    • The fuel injection system
  • Fuel Injection Systems II
    • Types of fuel injection systems and main components
    • Diesel control
      • Mechanical Governor
      • Electronic control systems
  • Fuel Injection Systems III
    • Nozzle and holders
    • Application
    • European Diesel Engines
  • In-Cylinder Measures to Control Emissions II
  • Case Study Team Session

Day 3
  • The Role of Lube Oil in Modern Diesel Engines
    • How are Lubricants Specified
    • Viscosity Grades, Quality
    • Lubricant Performance Categories:
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Japan
    • OEM Specifications
    • Future Developments - Low Emission Fluids
    • Composition of Typical Crankcase Lubricants
    • Drivers for Novel Lubricant Development
    • Aftertreatment Compatible Lubricants: SAPS
    • Beyond Current Lubricant Specification - System Approach
  • Engine Controls
      Engine Controls and Diagnostics
    • Electronic fuel injection system control
    • Control system architectures and hardware
    • Fundamentals of control
    • Design approaches for diesel engine controls
    • Development methods
    • Application requirements -- Fuel injection volume, timing and rate shaping
    • Ancillary system control and integration
    • Variable geometry turbocharger control
    • EGR scheduling and control
    • Control of other subsystems - today and tomorrow
    • Adaptive controls and the future
  • On-Board Diagnostics
    • Legal Requirements
    • Fault Detection
    • Fault Resolution
    • Diagnostic Tools - OBD and General
    • Future Paths
    • Noise
    • Simulation in Diesel Engines
  • In-Cylinder Measures to Control Emissions III
  • Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment I
    • Exhaust system-based emission reduction technologies (aftertreatment)
    • NOx reduction catalysts
    • Selective Catalytic Reduction -- With Supplemental HC; With Urea and Ammonia
    • Lean NOx Traps
    • Diesel Particulate Filters -- Active Regeneration Systems; Passive Regeneration Systems

DAY 4
  • Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment II
    • Combination Trap/Catalyst Systems -- Catalyst Assist; Catalytically Regenerated Traps
    • Special Aftertreatment Systems
    • Non-Thermal Plasma
    • Non-Thermal Plasma Assisted Catalysts
  • Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment III
    • Combination Trap/Catalyst Systems -- Catalyst Assist; Catalytically Regenerated Traps
    • Special Aftertreatment Systems
    • Non-Thermal Plasma
    • Non-Thermal Plasma Assisted Catalysts
  • Case Study Team Session
  • Bosch Farmington Hills Diesel Facility Tour
    • Welcome to Bosch
    • Overview of diesel fuel-injection expertise and scope
    • Diesel fuel injection lab including live demo of fuel-injection characterization
    • Diesel dyno demonstration
    • Diesel car show: Ride and Drive plus sneak preview of two new models
    • Wrap-up including question and answer forum
  • Case Study Presentations

DAY 5
  • Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment III (continued)
  • Engine Performance Simulation
  • Emerging Technologies
    • Variable Valve Actuation
    • Camless Valvetrain
  • Academy Wrap-up and Evaluation

*The order in which the topics are presented is subject to change.

Instructor(s): Magdi Khair, Ewa Bardasz, André Boehman, Bernard Challen, Philip Dingle, Michael Levin, Dr. Les Smith, and Helmut Tschoeke.

Dr. Magdi Khair, Lead Instructor, Chief Technologist, Watlow Electric (retired) has recently retired from Watlow Electric where he was Chief Technologist in Watlow’s Diesel Emission Space. He was previously an Institute Engineer at Southwest Research Institute. He had prior assignments at Allied Signal Automotive Catalyst, Ford New Holland, Ford Tractor Operations, Bendix Diesel Operations, and the Chrysler Corporation. He has worked with diesel engines and their emission control systems. Dr. Khair has an extensive background in diesel aftertreatment, stratified charge, and gas turbine engines since 1970. He was involved with developing emission control systems to help diesel and alternative combustion engines meet future regulated limits. He has co-authored Diesel Emissions and Their Control, a comprehensive textbook, and continues to present seminars in diesel engine technology, selective catalytic reduction for diesel engines, and exhaust gas recirculation.

Dr. Khair holds a B.S. in Automotive Engineering from Cairo, Egypt, a M.S. in Thermodynamics from the University of Birmingham, England, a MBA from Michigan State University USA, and a Ph.D. in Engineering Management from Warren National University. Dr. Khair holds 20 US patents in the areas of fuel injection, turbocharging, exhaust gas recirculation and filtration, and diesel aftertreatment systems.

Dr. Ewa Bardasz Fellow at The Lubrizol Corporation (retired), where she was responsible for overseeing technical activities related to lubricating novel combustion hardware, aftertreatment systems and emissions. She is experienced in the areas of crankcase lubrication, corrosion inhibition, engine testing and exhaust emissions control. Dr. Bardasz holds over 25 patents, has published multiple technical and scientific papers, authored chapters for technical books and is a frequent invited speaker at conferences throughout the U.S. and Europe. She is the recipient of the SAE International 2002 Award for Research on Automotive Lubricants, and 2009 SAE International Environmental Excellence in Transportation Award. Dr. Bardasz is a Fellow of SAE International and a Fellow of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) where she is also on the Board of Directors. Dr. Bardasz obtained a M.Sc. in Chemical Engineering from Warsaw Technical University and a PhD in Chemical Engineering from Case Institute of Technology.

Dr. André Boehman is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Michigan and is pursuing his research at the W.E. Lay Auto Lab. He joined U-M in 2012 after serving for 18 years at Penn State. Most recently at PSU he held a position as a Professor of Fuel Science, Materials Science and Engineering and Mechanical Engineering in the Department of Energy & Mineral Engineering in the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the Pennsylvania State University, where he taught courses on Energy, Fuels, Combustion and the Environment starting in 1994. Prof. Boehman’s research interests are in alternative and reformulated fuels, combustion and pollution control. His present research activities are focused on alternative diesel fuels, diesel combustion and diesel exhaust aftertreatment. He served as the Editor of the journal Fuel Processing Technology from 2007-2011 and has held executive positions with the American Chemical Society Division of Fuel Chemistry and with the International DME Association. He was elected a 2011 Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. He has received the 2009 John Johnson Award for Outstanding Research in Diesel Engines and the 2009 Arch T. Colwell Merit Award from the Society of Automotive Engineers, the 2009 Matthew and Anne Wilson Award for Excellence in Research, the 2007 Faculty Mentoring Award and the 1999 Matthew and Anne Wilson Award for Outstanding Teaching from the Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, the 1999 Alumni Achievement Award from the University of Dayton School of Engineering, and the Philip L. Walker Jr. Faculty Fellowship in Materials Science and Engineering, from 1995-97. He also received the 1986 Charles T. Main Bronze Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He supervised twenty nine MS theses and fifteen doctoral theses at Penn State and he has published more than 75 refereed papers and book chapters. At the EMS Energy Institute, Prof. Boehman managed the Diesel Combustion and Emissions Laboratory. Now at the Auto Lab at U-M, Prof. Boehman is developing laboratory facilities to continue his research in advanced fuels and combustion. He holds a BS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Dayton (1986) and an MS (1987) and PhD (1993) in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University. He held a two-year postdoctoral fellowship in the Molecular Physics Laboratory at SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.

Bernard Challen is an independent engineering consultant, active mainly in the automotive industry. Currently serving as a member of the SAE International Board of Directors, his technical areas of interest include electronics and control, instrumentation, the use of computer-aided engineering tools, and vehicle noise & vibration. Until 1991, he was Technical Director at Ricardo Consulting Engineers where one of his responsibilities was the formation of Ricardo North America. His technical responsibilities within Ricardo included noise and vibration, instrumentation and control, large engines and the business development of Ricardo in North America. Mr. Challen is active in a number of professional societies. A recipient of the SAE Forest R. McFarland award in 1983, 1990 and 1996, he was elected a Fellow of SAE in 1997 and in 2008 he was the recipient of the SAE Medal of Honor. Mr. Challen is a Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) and also the Institution of Engineering Technology (IET). He has served as General Chair for the SAE Noise and Vibration Conference from 1992-2003. In addition to being a regular contributor of technical papers to SAE, he also serves on the Engineering Meetings Board. Mr. Challen earned a B.Sc.(Eng.) in Mechanical Engineering and M.Sc. Noise and Vibration, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, from Southampton University.

Philip Dingle is the US Research and Advanced Projects Manager in the Advanced Injection and Combustion Engineering Group of Delphi Diesel Systems. He received his engineering education in England, and after graduating in 1972, joined the Research and Development group of Lucas Diesel Systems where he worked on several advanced engine and fuel system technologies. Transferred to Detroit, USA in 1975, he has worked closely with several US diesel engine manufacturers on the development of fuel injection for their engines. In the process, he gained broad experience in achieving performance and emissions targets from diesel combustion systems. He holds twenty US or European patents for fuel system innovation.

Michael Levin holds the position of Technical Expert at Ford Motor Company. Mr. Levin has been with Ford Research and Advanced Engineering since the late 1970s. His current responsibilities include development of hydrocarbon and urea dosing for advanced Diesel aftertreatment systems. Mr. Levin has co-authored 18 publications and holds 13 patents. He received his MSME in 1974 from Moscow Automobile and Road Institute in Russia.

Dr. Les Smith , Principal CAE Analyst at Jaguar-Land Rover, will present the Engine Performance Simulation module.

Helmut Tschoeke holds the chair of reciprocating machines and was director on the Institute of Mobile Systems, University Magdeburg. From 1981 to 1995, he worked with Bosch Diesel Division where he was responsible for research, development and production of distributor and inline pumps, both mechanically and electronically controlled. Dr. Tschoeke also developed distributor-type pumps specifically for DI-engines. During his career he held positions as department head, chief engineer, and executive plant manager. He is an active member of VDI and SAE and was the head of a new automotive research program at the University of Magdeburg. His research interests are in injection systems, mixture formation, reduction of exhaust gas emission, engine noise and alternative fuels and drive systems. Dr. Tschoeke’s credentials include the Dipl.-Ing. and Dr.-Ing. from the University Stuttgart and he awarded an honorary doctorate by the Technical University Kiev. 2011 he retired and now he is working as a consultant.


For the October offering that is being held in Great Britain, all attendance fees are stated net of any taxes that may be due. SAE is required to charge UK VAT to all attendees. 20% UK VAT will therefore be added at the checkout in addition to the net attendance fees stated and will be payable to SAE at the same time. If you are a business attendee, you may be eligible to obtain a refund of this VAT from the UK government by submitting a valid claim or by contacting a VAT reclaim agent such as Meridian Global Services (info@meridianglobalservices.com).

Fees: $3345.00 ; SAE Members: $2676.00 - $3011.00

4.0 CEUs
You must complete all course contact hours and successfully pass the learning assessment to obtain CEUs.

Testimonial
"A highlight was hearing and seeing cutting edge research at Ford and having representation from Europe and getting a European perspective on diesel research and direction."
Stephen Beech
Dana Corporation

"Being able to learn from some of the most knowledgeable people in the industry was a fantastic opportunity. I will recommend it for others in my group."
Jeff Morris
Caterpillar Corporation

"This academy has filled in the many gaps I had in my knowledge of diesel engines, as well as those I didn't know I had. Fantastic!"
Chad Mollin
International Truck & Engine Corporation

"This Academy greatly strengthens and increases one's understanding of diesel engine technology and its methods for meeting the demands of industry and environmental regulations. As an engineer relatively new to the diesel engine industry, my competence regarding, and appreciation for, diesel engine technology has improved significantly because of this Academy."
Christopher A. Brown
Senior Project Engineer
Daimler

"Impressive! Well worth the investment. A comprehensive introduction to the modern diesel engine."
Jason Lee Jirovsky
Design Engineer
John Deere Power Systems

To register, click Register button at the top of this page and submit the online form, or contact SAE Customer Service at 1-877-606-7323 (724/776-4970 outside the U.S. and Canada) or at CustomerService@sae.org.